Charming porcelain bowl made for the Ottoman market by the Russian Kusnetsov factory. There is a mixture of Cyrillic (Russian) writing and Arabic script, which predated the switch from Arabic to Roman lettering under Attaturk effective 1 January 1929.
The mark on the base of this bowl is the 1889 - 1917 Kuznetsov Dulevo factory mark.
This bowl came via Uzbekistan and Istanbul. Unsurprisingly the bowl shows it's age in some respects with some paint and gold loss but it has not lost it's charm.
The Kuznetsov factory was established by a merchant called Terenty Kuznetsov in 1832 and it's first six kilns were built near Moscow in Dulevo. Kuznetsov porcelain was known for the distinctive whiteness of it's porcelain. Female workers painting porcelain were called Agafya and their products agashkas.
The Russian porcelain industry developed especially fast in the second half of 19th century after serfdom was abolished. Kuznetsov porcelain was very popular with a new, fast growing "capitalist" elite.
The Kuznetsov company acquired the Gardner Verbilki factory in 1891 and from 1889 the new name of the company was M.S. Kuznetsov Company for the Manufacture of Porcelain and Pottery Goods. The Kuznetsov porcelain empire swiftly mechanized production when cheap foreign competition entered Russian market.
In 1918 the Kuznetsov factories were nationalized. Kuznetsov traditions are now still upheld by the Dulevo factory.
Approximately 16cm diameter x 9cm high/ 6 1/4" x 3 1/2".